A Eurofound analysis of nine member states, which together account for nearly 4 out of 5 EU workers (ed.), shows that an average 12.7 per cent of the workforce is to be found in capital regions.
In Sweden, 24.4 per cent of jobs are in the Stockholm region – far more than in any of the other countries studied in the analysis. Furthermore, the share of jobs created in the region since 2002 is higher than in the other countries.
“I would not say that Stockholm is unique. In other countries with a relatively small population, a similar pattern is likely to be found,” says Eurofound analyst John Hurley, citing Ireland and Denmark.
“But it is true that Stockholm has a dominant position in the Swedish economy,” he adds.
The Stockholm region accounts for more than 30 per cent of Sweden’s GDP.
Hurley and his colleagues have considered why highly qualified jobs are concentrated to the major cities. With modern technology these jobs should be able to be carried out virtually anywhere in a country. However, proximity to major cities is becoming increasingly important for highly qualified jobs in finance, technical consulting and research, for instance.
“You might think that these jobs can be done anywhere, but in fact they benefit from a pool of skilled and talented people in the same area,” says the analyst.
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